Professional ethics is the set of rules and principles that people apply on a day-to-day basis in the exercise of their professional activity.
It can be included in a deontological or professional code, or it can be made up of a set of rules adjusted to morality and the correct procedure of a given society.
Professional ethics is especially important when conflicts arise between the development of a job or activity, one’s own interests or that of third parties, and the individual’s personal ethical conscience.
Ethically, it is essential for a person who exercises his profession to have the necessary skills for the position or function he performs. A professional should not apply for or take on assignments or tasks for which they do not have the knowledge, experience or proper preparation. A psychologist, for example, cannot practice law.
Responsible handling of information
The information to which you have access by reason of the position or the function performed must be handled with the utmost discretion by the professional, either in front of the company staff, or in front of all those external to it. Sometimes, there is confidential information that can affect or damage the interests of the company itself, therefore, a good professional will be discreet and will act according to the responsibilities of their role.
The information that a person manages for reasons of the exercise of their profession must be guarded with zeal and caution, as it is protected and protected by the law within what is known as professional secrecy. An example of this are doctors, psychologists or lawyers.
Respect among colleagues
Respect among colleagues is essential in the exercise of any profession. A good professional should not discredit, insult, annoy or deceive his own colleagues or other professionals. When speaking about these you should do so with respect and consideration.
Inclusion as a daily practice
In the exercise of our profession we must deal with all types of people (employees, bosses, colleagues, investors, clients, etc.), of different ethnic or social origin, of different ages and degrees of training, with varied religious beliefs or personal options. . We must therefore ensure that our actions and decisions of a professional nature are not subject to any type of prejudice of this type (discrimination, segregation, exclusion, etc.) that could undermine the human dignity of a person.
The financial information of a company, business or transaction, and its responsible management are essential in a professional. The falsification of financial data, both upwards and downwards, as well as the use of confidential information to obtain benefits in the market are all punishable behaviors that should be avoided.
In the exercise of our functions we will always have access to information, contacts, influences or resources. The unethical use of any of these means can lead to corrupt or dishonest behaviors, such as handling other people’s money, manipulating people, information or data, theft and fraud, behaviors, all of them, with serious legal consequences.
A professional must reject any task or provision of services when he is aware that these may be used in a way that is detrimental to the interests of other people, groups, institutions or communities. What’s more, the operations of a business can negatively affect the life of a community. In these cases, it is best to reject and, if possible, report this type of activity.
All economic activity, whether industrial or business, has an impact on the environment and communities: noise, gas emissions, energy consumption, water pollution, waste production. Avoiding causing environmental damage at all costs should be the only ethical option in any professional activity.