This controversial sentence is still in force in several countries of the world, linked to different political and cultural reasons. Know where it is applied and what are the methods to execute the sentenced to death.
One of the oldest punishments applied to man is the death penalty, so the origins of executions made to people who have committed a crime considered serious is long-standing. There are many documentary sources that record the types of convictions in different contexts, related to certain aspects, highlighting among them those of religious and/or cultural connotation.
Today, in a world immersed in the issue of the application and protection of human rights, it seems unthinkable that this sanctioning practice will continue to take place. However, the death penalty is carried out in some countries, despite the fact that there are laws, conventions and international treaties that prohibit or consider the inadmissibility of execution as a punishment for a criminal.
There have been several questions and doubts regarding this controversial issue, but one of the most repeated by the entire population is: why has the total ban on capital punishment not been achieved throughout the world? It seems that the search for a decisive answer has become complex.
Many are the factors that have prevented the abolition of the death penalty from taking place: its practice in democratic states of law, the close relationship with religious laws, its application as a deterrent method in reducing crimes and the cultural issue are some of the the reasons that have stopped the absolute suppression of this sentence.
At present, the application of the death penalty continues to be a questioned matter, even saying that people who do not deserve such a penalty are subjected to this punishment; For this reason, it is considered the most inhumane and cruel practice of all the sentences. There have been cases in which those sentenced to death are minors or suffer from a disability, details that have been repudiated by various organizations, such as the UN or Amnesty International, an institution that has followed up on this practice and carries out efforts for its absolute abolition.
Capital punishment: is it the best solution to reduce violence?
The death penalty can be defined as the punishment or sanction applied to a specific person who has committed any crime (usually serious acts), after being subjected to trial and conviction, after which it is decided to sentence to death ; This entire process is protected under the legislation of the country where this practice is carried out, so that both the judicial authorities involved and the direct executors of the sentence are exempt from any fault.
Words more, words less, could be classified as a second homicide because it is the practice in which one person or group of people kill another.
One of the most outstanding characteristics of this cruel sentence is that, from the moment the accused is found guilty and sentenced to death, his agony begins, especially for not knowing when this measure will take effect, extending the suffering to the relatives of the affected person.
The prisons of the countries practicing these executions have a special section called death row , where the inmates will remain until the moment the sentence is served, which, in general terms, translates into a long wait, caused by the long process that implies the application of this punishment.
Despite the fact that the legislation of the countries that use this method of execution as punishment argues, in order to validate this practice, that it is an effective way to reduce violence, does it actually fulfill that function? Many researchers on the subject agree that, more than a practice of justice, it turns out to be a revenge that violates all human rights, and that nothing has helped to reduce crime rates, so that violence cannot be suppressed with more violence.
Another point to note is that studies have yielded statistics in which innocent people are executed or that allow the capital punishment to be classified as a discriminatory sanction, since most of the accused turned out to be of low income or of a certain social stratum and / or ethnic – racial.
Countries that apply the death penalty and methods of execution
As mentioned, the death sentence is still used in some countries, which take into account various factors to apply this cruel punishment that, in the long run, has irreversible effects.
China tops the list of countries in which the most executions have been carried out; Although there is no official figure, many speak of thousands of people sentenced to death each year. They consider criminals who have committed political crimes, corruption, aggravated murder or drug trafficking on a large scale, using shooting and lethal injection as methods of execution.
Japan adds to the list of those sentenced to death for treason or homicide, with hanging and shooting being the most common punishment techniques.
Most of the nations of the Middle East carry out this condemnation, especially because of their relationship with Islam, which repudiates and considers homosexuality, witchcraft, blasphemy or apostasy as crimes. Therefore, countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Somalia, Afghanistan, Qatar, Egypt and Mauritania punish these practices by means of public hanging, beheading and shooting. Special mention is the sentence applied to women accused of adultery in the aforementioned places, where the stoning is carried out.
In the American continent, despite the fact that most of its countries have eliminated capital punishment from their legal apparatus, this punishment is still present in some nations. In the case of the United States, the death penalty is applied through the federal justice system to punish crimes associated with terrorism, treason, espionage and blood murders, using lethal injection or the electric chair as methods of execution.
Other places where certain criminals are sentenced to death are Belize, Guatemala, Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, among others.
This controversial issue continues to give the world population something to talk about, counting on detractors and supporters. The truth is that, with all the efforts made to make the sentence of the condemned man less painful, it is still a practice that threatens life.
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