7 Basic Characteristics Every Democracy Needs

Basic Characteristics Every Democracy
Basic Characteristics Every Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which citizen participation is encouraged, through a series of legitimate mechanisms, so that they can make political, economic, social and cultural decisions.

Democracy is a system of government that respects human rights, freedom of expression, and equal opportunities. Likewise, it seeks to be a fair system and to ensure the general welfare of society.

Below are the basic characteristics that every democracy possesses.

Civil liability

Democracy is a form of government based on representation and social responsibility exercised by citizens, of legal age, who, through voting, elect their political representatives and those responsible for making a set of important decisions for society in general. .

Democratic values

Democracy is a system of government that is based on a set of moral, ethical and social values ​​that are based on the principle of freedom, respect, tolerance, commitment, solidarity, equality, fraternity, justice, sovereignty and participation.

Guarantee of rights and common welfare

Democracy aims to ensure the well-being of citizens, therefore, it emphasizes respect for human rights, civil rights, social rights, freedom of expression, freedom of worship, inclusion of minorities, access to education and equal opportunities.

Respect for freedom guarantees diversity of opinions, fight against social inequalities, access to knowledge and information, complaints against acts of corruption, among others.

Decentralized democracy

Democracy is characterized by being a government system that seeks the decentralization of power and decision-making to ensure that the best actions are taken with respect to the people and the development of the country in general.

Through decentralization, power is conferred on various departments and levels of the public administration that are more easily accessible to citizens.

Political participation

Citizens have the duty and right to actively participate in the political system of their country, in order to guarantee their well-being and other rights. Par excellence, the best example is when people exercise the right to direct, secret and universal vote.

The elections are a popular consultation of both the presidential and parliamentary type and open to all citizens, which must be held from time to time, generally after a period of political activity of between 4 or 5 years.

Constitutional principle

Countries with democratic governance systems are based on a constitutional principle. That is, they have a National Constitution in which the bases of the political, economic, social and cultural system of a nation are drawn up.

Likewise, the Constitution establishes the guarantees of democracy, the fundamental duties and rights that must be applied as appropriate, all social groups are taken into account and the principles of equality and freedom are established.

Democratic models

Democracies are made up of three types of representative systems of the people, which are: the presidential system (the president of the nation, the ministers and the main secretaries), the parliamentary system (it defines the powers of the president) and the collegiate system (it is made up of representatives of the Parliament and the Presidency).