Who Invented Email
Email was invented by engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971. He worked for the company BBN (Bolt Beranek & Newman), one of the fifteen hired by the United States government to build the ARPANET network.
Tomlinson, had the idea of creating a system to send and receive messages through the network, and that the developers of the same could leave messages on their computers at the same time as files were transferred.
He chose the at sign, which in English reads as at (en) to determine the recipient, and sent a message himself as evidence with a series of random letters.
Evolution of email
Currently, there are two e-mail systems, one is the pop account system, which requires special software to transfer messages from the network to the computer, and the other is webmail, which is used by browsers.
It is said that, although Tomlinson does not remember what he wrote, the text of that message was QWERTYUIOP. In the second message he explained how the messages should be sent through the local network and the use of the at sign.
That same year, Larry Roberts created the first email management program to list messages and archive them by date or subject. Barry Wessler, Marty Yonke, and John Vittal added the enhancements that resulted in the current mail.
First emoticon in an email
The smiley and its many variants are an important part of the computer world. The new mail programs provide numerous icons to represent all kinds of emotions, emoticons.
The first sign that there was something else behind the words appeared in a message sent by Professor Scott Elliot Fahlman, a specialist in semantic and neural networks at Camegie Mellon University.
Fahlman proposed that symbols be used to differentiate serious messages from jokes. The first message was lost in oblivion until a group of teachers started looking for it.In 2002, JeffBaird found it, It had been written on September 18, 1982. The text read:
I propose that thefollowing character sequence forjoke markers: I propose that the jokers use the following character:
Read it sideways. Actually. It’s probably more economical to mark things that are NOTjokes, given current trends. For flus, use (Read sideways. Currently, it is cheaper to flag things that are not a joke, considering the trend. To do so, use):
Origin of email
To know where we are and where we are going, it is necessary to know where we come from. For this reason, to know well the history of email, it is necessary to also know its origin.
It is said that, in 1835, the English professor Rowland Hill, who was traveling in Scotland, was resting in an inn when he saw that the postman of the area delivered a letter to the innkeeper and she returned it claiming that she could not pay the amount.
Hill, got ready to pay the half crown and the postman put the letter on the table. Shortly after, the innkeeper explained to Hill that it was not really a money problem, but a trick to pay nothing, since each of the family members who sent the letter wrote the message on the envelope, and that there was nothing inside.
Hill, who must have felt ripped off, wrote a pamphlet proposing postage before mailing the letters to avoid the trick. The House of Commons took it seriously and decreed that the stamps would go into circulation on May 6, 1840.
The world’s first postage stamp was Queen Victoria’s Penny Black, issued on May 1, 1840, with the queen’s effigy and a black background. Its value was one penny and 68 million copies were thrown, of which more than a million survive. On May 8, the blue twopenny stamp was put into circulation.
The first issue of Spanish stamps takes place on January 1, 1850, under the government of Isabel II and with the effigy of the queen on the stamp.
Curiosities of the history of e-mail
The term spam to refer to email comes from a sketch by British comedians Monthy Python, who made fun of a canned food with this name, repeating it ad nauseam in a song.
History of email summary
To complete this historical review of the email, we show you chronologically the most important data. Here is a brief summary of the history of email:
- Year 1794: The Frenchman Claude Chappe invents the optical telegraph that connects 29 French cities and allows messages to be sent in a few minutes.
- Year 1840: On May 1, the first postage stamp is issued in the United Kingdom, with the effigy of the Queen of England. The first telegraphy message is transmitted in Sparta.
- Year 1844: Samuel F. Morse sends the first telegram in history on May 24 with a phrase from the Bible: “What that God wrought” (What God has written), said by Moses when teaching the twelve commandments to his people .
- Year 1850: First postage stamp in Spain, with the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II.
- Year 1870: The English government takes over the telegraph companies to lower prices, which were excessively expensive.
- Year 1876: Graham Bell invents the telephone.
- Year 1961: MIT in Boston develops a system, CTSS, which allows files to be stored on a disk from a computer, so that anyone, by connecting to that disk, can see if it has files or messages.
- Year 1963: On August 23, John Kennedy and Balewa, Prime Minister of Nigeria, inaugurate the era of satellite communications, and shortly after the missile crisis, the red telephone line linking the White House and the Kremlin was inaugurated, so that the presidents of the United States and the Soviet Union can communicate immediately in case of need.
- Year 1965: For the first time, two computers are joined in a network. MIL’s Lawrence G. Roberts shares information with his colleague Thomas Marrill in California.
- Year 1971: RayTomlinson invents email while working for the ARPANET. With little effort, the transfer of files between computers becomes the transmission of messages.
- 1973: Vinton Cerf presents the TCP / IP protocol in an ARPA project and the first international connection between London and Norway is made.
- Year 1975: The first mailing list is created.
- Year 1976: First American electoral campaign in which Jímmy Cárter and Walter Móndale use e-mail, at the price of $ 4 per message.
- 1979: Kevin MacEnzie invents emoticons. Tom Truscott and James Ellis invent the USENET network the Arpanet of the poor.
- Year 1982: ARPANET adopts the TCP / IP protocol.
- Year 1988: The first worm-type virus that is transmitted by e-mail appears. Steve Dorner creates a mail system more similar to the current ones, Eudora.
- Year 199O: The ARPANET network disappears.
- Year 1992: The European CERN develops the World-Wide-Web technology, the Web.