Organic garbage are all those residues or wastes of biological origin, that is, that come from or were part of a living being.
This concept is formed with the name garbage , which means ‘residue’, ‘waste’, ‘waste’, and the organic adjective, ‘relative or belonging to an organism or living being’.
There are different types of organic waste, such as:
- Food (fruit peels, vegetable and vegetable remains, seeds, oil, bones, milk in poor condition, etc.).
- Paper or cardboard waste.
- Plant and shrub pruning remains.
- Animal and human body waste (hair, nails, feathers, excrement, etc).
Organic and inorganic waste
Garbage can be subdivided into two large groups based on its origin: organic and inorganic. Inorganic waste is that which does not come from living organisms and which, in many cases, is the product of transformation and manufacturing processes carried out by man. Some examples of inorganic waste are glass bottles, plastic containers, PVC materials, aluminum cans, batteries, etc.
Unlike organic waste, inorganic waste is not degradable in the environment due to the materials from which it is made, and it is a considerable source of pollution. However, in many cases they can be reused or recycled. These inorganic wastes can be in a gaseous, liquid or solid state.
Likewise, some types of sanitary waste such as, for example, cotton gauze or plastic syringes, even if they are composed of organic or inorganic material, are usually considered as a separate group due to their potential as a source of contagion.
Recycling organic garbage
The recycling of organic waste refers to the transformation of this type of waste into materials that can be used for some purpose. As such, organic waste is biodegradable, as it can decompose. In this sense, in terms of recycling, it can be used for different purposes, such as obtaining compost or organic fertilizer.
However, some organic waste should be disposed of in separate containers. Household oil, for example, can be used as biofuel, while paper and cardboard can be used to make new products from the same material.
Due to the negative environmental impact that organic waste can cause, its recycling is essential both at a domestic and industrial level to reduce pollution levels on the planet.